IMF Boosts Global Growth Forecast: Key Takeaways for Investors

January 31, 2024

In its latest update, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) has brought some unexpected good news for the global economy. The organization has raised its growth forecast for 2024 to 3.1%, a slight but significant increase from the 2.9% predicted earlier. This revision, influenced by stronger economic performance in the US and China’s fiscal policies, marks a positive turn amidst the current economic challenges. However, the IMF’s report also strikes a note of caution, pointing out ongoing concerns such as inflation and geopolitical risks. As the world continues to recover from the pandemic’s impact and faces new challenges, the IMF’s latest findings offer a nuanced view of the global economic landscape.

Here are some of the key highlights to take note of:

  1. Global Growth Forecast Increased: The IMF raised its forecast for global growth in 2024 to 3.1%, up from 2.9% projected earlier in October.
  2. US and China’s Role: This upward revision is attributed to better-than-expected economic expansion in the US and fiscal stimulus in China.
  3. Inflation and War Risks: Despite the positive revision, the IMF warns of risks due to wars and inflation.
  4. Central Bank Policies and Public Spending: Tighter policies by central banks to combat inflation and cuts in public spending in some countries are expected to slow growth compared to pre-pandemic averages.
  5. Economic Resilience and Soft Landing: IMF Chief Economist Pierre-Olivier Gourinchas noted the global economy’s resilience and the approaching “soft landing,” with steady inflation decline and sustained growth, albeit at a slower pace.
  6. Downside Risks: The IMF highlights potential risks, including new commodity-price spikes due to geopolitical shocks and persistent inflation that may keep interest rates higher for longer.
  7. Assumptions on Commodity Prices and Interest Rates: The IMF’s forecasts are based on the assumption that commodity prices will fall and interest rates in major economies will ease.
  8. Global Inflation Trends: Inflation is expected to decelerate through 2025, with advanced economies likely to experience faster disinflation than emerging markets.
  9. Global Trade Fragmentation Warning: The IMF warns about the fragmentation of global trade into rival blocs and projects slower world trade growth.
  10. Monetary Policy Challenges for Central Banks: Central banks face the challenge of normalizing monetary policy without premature rate lowering or excessive delay.
  11. Regional Growth Forecasts:
    • United States: Growth expectation raised to 2.1% from 1.5%.
    • Euro Area: Growth forecast cut to 0.9% from 1.2%.
    • China: Growth projection revised up to 4.6% from 4.2%.
    • India: Expected to grow at 6.5%, up from 6.3%.
    • ASEAN (Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand): Growth projected to grow at 4.7% in 2024, an increase from 4.5% during previous forecast.
    • Russia: Forecasted to expand 2.6%, up from 1.1%.

Disclaimer: ProsperUs Head of Content & Investment Lead Billy Toh doesn’t own shares of any companies mentioned.


Billy Toh

Billy is deeply committed to making investment accessible and understandable to everyone, a principle that drives his engagement with the capital markets and his long-term investment strategies. He is currently the Head of Content & Investment Lead for Prosperus and a SGX Academy Trainer. His extensive experience spans roles as an economist at RHB Investment Bank, focusing on the Thailand and Philippines markets, and as a financial journalist at The Edge Malaysia. Additionally, his background includes valuable time spent in an asset management firm. Outside of finance, Billy enjoys meaningful conversations over coffee, keeps fit as a fitness enthusiast, and has a keen interest in technology.

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